Mustard is the world’s third most important spice after salt and pepper, and in temperate regions it is the most important native spice. The term “mustard” is believed to be derived from the practice of mixing the sweet must of old wine with crushed mustard seed to form a paste, mustum ardeus (hot must).
- Mustard seeds and its oil have traditionally been used to relieve muscle pain, rheumatism and arthritic pain.
- In India, mustard oil is applied to the scalp and is believed to stimulate hair growth.
- Its ground seeds act as a laxative, stimulant to the gastric mucosa and increase intestinal secretion.